A citation in a footnote is not required when citing legislation if all the information the reader needs about the source is provided in the text, as in the following sentence:
Where the text does not include the name of the Act or the relevant section, this information should be provided in a footnote:
1 Human Rights Act 1998, s 2.
Cite an Act by its short title and year in roman, using capitals for the major words, and without a comma before the year:
eg Shipping and Trading Interests (Protection) Act 1995.
The relevant abbreviations for individual sections of legislation are:
· Part/Parts =pt/pts.
· Section/Sections = s/ss.
· Subsection/Subsections = sub-s/sub-ss.
· Paragraph/Paragraphs = para/paras.
· Subparagraph/Subparagraphs = subpara/subparas.
· Schedule/Schedules = sch/schs.
Further information is available on Page 23 of the OSCOLA guide.
Acts of the Scottish Parliament are cited by short title and year. Each Act is also given an ‘asp’ (Act of the Scottish Parliament) running number:
Welsh measures are primary legislation of the Welsh Assembly. They are cited by short title and year, followed by the National Assembly of Wales Measure (nawm or mccc) number in brackets.
When citing Acts of the former Parliament of Northern Ireland, put ‘NI’ in brackets between the short title and the year. When citing Acts of the current Northern Ireland Assembly, which was established in 1998, put ‘Northern Ireland’ in brackets between the short title and the year.
Cite sections of all of the above as per UK statutes.
When citing a statutory instrument, give the name, year and (after a comma) the SI number. Capitalize all major words.
Statutory Instrument specific abbreviations are as follows:
· Regulation/Regulations = reg/regs.
· Rule/Rules = r/rr.
· Article/Articles = art/arts.
When citing EU treaties and protocols, give the title of the legislation, including amendments if necessary, followed by the year of publication, the OJ series and the issue and page numbers. It should follow the pattern:
legislation title | [year] | OJ series | issue/first page.
Cite Regulations, Directives, Decisions, Recommendations and Opinions by giving the legislation type, number and title, followed by publication details in the OJ.
Short forms and pinpoints
Give EU legislation its full name on first citation. In subsequent citations, a short version may be used if you have specified in the first citation. In footnotes, you can give just the document type and number, using 'Reg' or 'Dir' as appropriate in subsequent citations.
Cite a Bill by its title, the House in which it originated, the Parliamentary session in brackets, and the running number assigned to it. Running numbers for House of Commons Bills are put in square brackets; those for House of Lords Bills are not. When a Bill is reprinted at any stage it is given a new running number, eg
title | HC Bill | (session) | [number] OR title | HL Bill | (session) | number.
Cite legislation from other jurisdictions as it is cited in its own jurisdiction, but without any full stops in abbreviations. Give the jurisdiction if necessary. Foreign words and phrases should be italicised.
Guides for citations from other jurisdictions can be found in section 4.3 of the appendix.