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Referencing and citations - OSCOLA: Journals

In a nutshell

When citing articles, give the author’s name first, followed by a comma. Then give the title of the article, in roman within single quotation marks. After the title, give the publication information.

Do NOT italicise either the article title or the journal.

Preferred journal abbreviations can be checked on the Cardiff Index.

Alternatively you may specify abbreviations in a table at the beginning of your work.

Journal databases/ e-only journals

If you source an article online which is also available in hard copy, cite the hard copy version. There is no need to cite an electronic source for such a publication. This will be the case for virtually all articles found in Westlaw, Lexis and Hein Online.

When citing journal articles which have been published only electronically, give publication details as for articles in hard copy journals, but note that online journals may lack some of the publication elements (for example, many do not include page numbers).

If citation advice is provided by the online journal, follow it, removing full stops as necessary to comply with OSCOLA.

Follow the citation with the web address (in angled brackets) and the date you most recently accessed the article. Pinpoints follow the citation and come before the web address.

Citations should follow the format:

author, | ‘title’ | [year] OR (year) | volume/issue | journal name or abbreviation | <web address> | date accessed.

  •  Graham Greenleaf, ‘The Global Development of Free Access to Legal Information’ (2010) 1(1) EJLT <http://ejlt.org/article/view/17> accessed 27 July 2010.

Pinpoints follow the citation and come before the web address.

Journal articles

Start with the article author (first name/initial then surname, multiple authors to be treated as per books), then the article title in single quotes.

After the title, give the publication information in the following order:

   · year of publication, in square brackets if it identifies the volume, in round brackets if there is a separate volume number;

   · the volume number if there is one (include an issue number only if the page numbers begin again for each issue within a volume, in which case put the issue number in brackets immediately after the volume number);

   · the name of the journal in roman, in full or abbreviated form, with no full stops; and

   · the first page of the article.

So articles from journals without independently numbered volumes should follow the format:

author, | ‘title’ | [year] | journal name or abbreviation | first page of article.

  •  Paul Craig, ‘Theory, "Pure Theory" and Values in Public Law’ [2005] PL 440.

Articles from journals which do have independently numbered volumes should follow the format:

author, | ‘title’ | (year) | volume | journal name or abbreviation | first page of article.

  •  Alison L Young, ‘In Defence of Due Deference’ (2009) 72 MLR 554.

Put a comma after the first page of the article if there is a pinpoint.

  •  JAG Griffith, ‘The Common Law and the Political Constitution’ (2001) 117 LQR 42, 64.